.
.. , .. , .. , .. ,
.., 1926 .
.., 1908
.., .., .., , 1964
.., .., .., ,
.., .., .., BETK
..,
..,
.., .., λ
.., .., .., ..,
..,
. . . : - -, 1967. .2. . 120-122.
» » » . 2. » ..,

..,

, , . , f = E/Ec - ( , ) (3÷4)10-1, f, -, 10-5 [1]. , f ( ). , f . , , 50%. , , . 0,81023 101023 [3]. : (, 1965 , 8 9 ) . , [1, 2]. .

.. [1, 2] :

=4D2 J exp(μD),                                     (1)

J , /2; D , , J, μ , -1, 0,033 -1. .. .. [4], .. [5] , μ ( =μ) .

. (1) [6] , 5 15 /2. J = 0.0004 /2 . , , , , , J = 0.1 /2. J = 3 /2.

, , . (1) [7], [8], . D. . J ( ) ( J) [8].

, :

J = Ecp/(4D2) = fEp/(4D2),                           (2)

f=1/3, J, /2, a, D , :

J = 1,04 Ep/D2.                                                 (3)

:

J = 1,04 Ep/H2  Sinφ,                                           (4)

φ , , 8 . , S, , 7.104 7.109 [8]. S: 150 , 80 16 .

, , 0,6 - 0,1. 1963 . .. .. . , , . 0,5 - 0,1. , , 6 - 7 . 3 - 4 , .

. 1 J ( , [8]), S, (2) - (4) , [8]. 8 . J .

f, , . 1, 0,006 0,5. . f=0,3.

1- . = 2000 , h = 6 , D = 65 , 7104 [8] 65 , =0,43.

J = 1,04 Ep/D2=0,2 /2.

2- . = 10000 , h = 12 , D = 65 . 7.109 8 S = 80 φ = 105, = 0,42.

J = 1,22 Ep/H2 Sinφ = 2,7 /2.

.

1. f . 0,4 - 0,6 - , , J =5 /2 f~0,1, .. , .

2. , p=0,8 - 0,9, f 0,005, .. , .

3. f~0,1.

, [2], [6] , .

, , . , .. .. [9], , , 30 /, , , . 10 / [9] [10]. .

  1. .., .. 1908 . , . , 1959.
  2. .. . , 136, 1, . 84, 1961.
  3. .. . , . 105, , 1963.
  4. .., .. . , 140, 3, . 583, 1961.
  5. .. , 23, . 3, 1963.
  6. .., .. , 24 ., 129, 1964.
  7. .. , , ., 1965,
  8. . (. .), . ., 1963.
  9. .., .. , 20, . 54, 1961.
  10. . , 3, . 3, 1965
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