.
.. , .. , .. , .. ,
.., 1926 .
.., 1908
.., .., .., , 1964
.., .., .., ,
.., .., .., BETK
..,
..,
.., .., λ
.., .., .., ..,
.., .., .., BETK
. . . : - -, 1967. .2. . 108-109.
» » » . 2. » .., .., .., BETK

.., .., .., BETK

, , .

, . , ε d 1908 (. 1).

. 1. , .

, , . , , q /c2 . , , , ( ) ε/2  ,   t, . , , . , :

                                  (1)

c , h , δ , ∆t = t t0, t0 , n =ch∆t/n=const . α :

                                 (2)

q0 - , α0 , φ0 - .

(1) (2) :

                         (3)

,

α - α0  = /2  3/2 q0 =q.

, , . (3), .

, , , , , , k = const . α , ε , α0 φ0 . δ, , 1908 . . .

( ) 1964 , .

1 - , , 57 . 5 27 35 .

2 - , - 75 . 8 16 29 .

3 - ( ), , - 57 . 5 , 29 75 .

, , . 0,5 - 1,5, 1,5 - 2,5, 2,5 - 3,5 .. , .. d = 1, 2, 3 ..   D:

,                                 (4)

n - d.

. 1, , . 2. . 2 , d 0 10 ,

 δ = ad +  δ0,                                                               (5)

a = const , δ0, , 0,4 .

(5) (1), :

                                                               (6)

:

                                     (7)

2 2 ~ 3 1 3 2 ~ 7 .


. 2. .

(7), , q = qmin, , .. e = 0 d = 0.

qmin = δ0.                                                             (8)

e d (7), q, e (d), . , . , , , 1908 , , .. e = 360. e < 180 , e . , , , , , , , e , . (.1), , , , , . e . , . , . 36 , .


 

n , - , D

, , , , , . ε ε 180˚, ε=0. , . , , , . , (. 5). , , . (6) , q . , ε = 0 ,

q = (ad0 + δ0)

e , .

. 5. () .

, . . .

©


05-03-12324
| | | | | | | |